If you've ever gone camping, hiking, backpacking, climbing, mountain biking, trail running, or nearly anything else in the outdoors, chances are you've used a headlamp. While this handy piece of technology requires little introduction (everyone knows the benefit of hands-free illumination), the impressive leaps in headlamp technology over the past few years deserve some recognition. The industry is in the midst of a horsepower war, with one-upmanship seen in maximum light output (rated in lumens) and battery options, and we the users are the happy beneficiaries. For more information, check out our detailed comparison table and buying advice after the picks.
Our Team's Headlamp Picks
- Best Overall Headlamp: Petzl Actik Core
- A Close Second (For $25 Less): Black Diamond Spot 400
- Best Budget Headlamp: Black Diamond Astro 300
- Best Headlamp for Running: BioLite HeadLamp 330
- Best High-Performance Headlamp for Brightness: Fenix HL60R Headlamp
- Best Ultralight Headlamp: Nitecore NU25
Weight: 2.6 oz.
Max lumens: 450
What we like: Rechargeable, bright, and lightweight.
What we don’t: Pricey and not super water resistant.
It’s 2022, and AAA batteries are so last year. Many headlamps have followed suit with USB-rechargeable designs, and the Petzl Actik Core is by far our favorite. In short, this headlamp is the complete package, featuring 450 lumens at maximum brightness, a long battery life with consistent performance across its burn time (some headlamps peter out but the Actik stays bright until the end), a sub-3-ounce weight, and an easy-to-use interface. France-based Petzl has been leading the charge with headlamp innovation for years now and their Actik Core is case in point.
USB-rechargeable designs have limited use for multi-day stints in the field (unless you bring a portable power bank or solar panel), but the Actik Core offers a brilliant solution in the form of a battery pack that can be swapped out for AAA batteries. It was a solid headlamp already, but this versatility brings it to the top of our list. And the Petzl is so long-lasting you might not even need to bother with a dying battery—one charge lasted us the length of a six-day bikepacking trip in the San Juan Mountains (our BioLite 330 needed several charges). The Actik’s water resistance isn’t ground-breaking (IPX4 will protect against rain and splashes) and you’ll pay for all the high-end tech at $70, but these are small sacrifices for a reliable headlamp that will stand the test of time.
See the Petzl Actik Core
Weight: 2.7 oz.
Max lumens: 400
Batteries: AAA/rechargeable (sold separately)
What we like: Slim profile, easy to use, weather-resistant, and versatile battery design.
What we don’t: Not yet time-tested; rechargeable battery must be purchased separately.
The Black Diamond Spot has always been a solid all-around headlamp, but with a recent overhaul, it’s better than ever. The newest Spot comes in two versions—the 400-R with included rechargeable lithium-ion battery, and the 400 here, which uses BD’s Dual Fuel technology to operate with either AAAs or a rechargeable battery (purchased separately). The headlamp features a streamlined profile (much slimmer than the previous version) for minimal bounce, and weight is low at just 2.7 ounces, including batteries. What’s more, the button layout is easy to use (finally), with a large central button that turns the headlamp on and off and a second button to scroll between modes. You also get a full suite of lighting choices, from the long-range LED to a softer proximity LED and red light for use around camp.
The Spot 400 is similar to the Actik Core above in its battery versatility, with the key difference being that you’ll have to purchase Black Diamond’s 1500 Battery and Charger separately ($30). At $75 all in, the full-package BD is $5 more than the Petzl, and the need for a charger is unfortunate, as it’s just one more item to carry and potentially lose (Petzl’s Core eliminates the need for a charger with a micro USB port directly on the battery). In addition, the Spot is not quite as bright as the Actik, with 400 lumens versus the Petzl’s 450. But the BD does feature an impressive IPX8 waterproof rating—more water resistant than the Petzl—and we appreciate the integrated battery meter, which provides a good idea of how much juice you have left. And a final note: Black Diamond also makes the Spot 400-R ($65), which is powered by a rechargeable lithium-ion battery but lacks AAA compatibility. In the end, the 400 here (paired with BD's 1500 Battery) is by far the more versatile option, and Black Diamond’s best effort yet.
See the Black Diamond Spot 400
Weight: 2.6 oz.
Max lumens: 300
Batteries: AAA/rechargeable (sold separately)
What we like: Gets the job done for just $20, or $40 with a rechargeable battery.
What we don’t: Not super water resistant and few lighting options.
If you’re on the hunt for a simple headlamp that will come in handy both at camp and around the house, the Black Diamond Astro 300 delivers. For just $20, the Astro puts out a very practical 300 lumens—including dimming and strobe modes—and lasts for four hours on the brightest setting (140 hours on low). What’s more, at 2.6 ounces and with a compact shape, it’s light enough to go practically unnoticed on your head or in a pack, which makes for a great emergency backup too. You can spend a lot of money on a brighter or longer-lasting headlamp, but the Astro is a great value and fully sufficient for most campers, hikers, and backpackers.
The Astro was updated for spring 2022, and the newest version features Black Diamond’s Dual Fuel technology, which gives it the ability to run off of either AAAs or a lithium-ion rechargeable battery (purchased separately for $30). This is a massive improvement over the outgoing version in terms of versatility, and $50 is a competitively low price for a rechargeable headlamp (on the other hand, the rechargeable Astro 300-R is just $40, although it lacks AAA compatibility). Keep in mind that with such a budget device there are inherent downsides in terms of features and durability: The Astro’s IPX4 rating means it won’t survive submersion in water, and you don’t get distance and proximity lighting or a red light mode like we see in the Spot above. But simplicity is a strong suit for many applications, and it’s hard to beat the Astro’s combination of price and performance.
See the Black Diamond Astro 300
Weight: 2.4 oz.
Max lumens: 330
What we like: Streamlined no-bounce design, rechargeable battery, and quality light output.
What we don’t: Middling battery life.
When it comes to selecting the right headlamp for the job, running is in a category by itself. For such an inherently bouncy activity, you’ll want a lightweight lamp that sits close to your head and doesn’t shift as you move. Some headlamps are designed specifically with running in mind (like the Black Diamond Sprinter below), but our favorite model of 2022 is the BioLite 330, which packs all-around intentions into a lightweight and streamlined build. The lamp’s 330 lumens can reach up to 75 meters in spot mode, and 3.5 hours of battery life on high is more than enough for most runners’ needs (plus, the BioLite is simple to recharge via USB).
Our favorite feature on the BioLite is its no-bounce design, which integrates the light and strap into one low-profile unit for a sleek headlamp that sits flush to your forehead. Putting the battery pack at the rear also helps with the minimalist shape, and it’s very lightweight overall at only 2.43 ounces. It’s worth noting that serious trail runners, adventure racers, and those tackling ultradistances will likely want more battery life (or the versatility to use standard AAAs). If you fall into that group, check out Petzl’s innovative but pricey Iko Core below. But it’s hard to beat the simplicity of the 330, which is also just a great headlamp to have on hand around the house and at camp. And we’re big fans of BioLite’s 200 model too: It isn’t as bright or long-lasting, but will save you $20 and tips the scales at only 1.8 ounces.
See the BioLite HeadLamp 330
Weight: 6.1 oz.
Max lumens: 950 (burst); 400 (high)
What we like: Ultra-bright turbo setting, durable construction, and relatively affordable price.
What we don’t: Heavy and short battery life on turbo mode.
The headlamps on this list provide reliable illumination for a variety of activities, but for serious brightness and durability, the Fenix HL60R is the real deal. Its 950-lumen LED projects a 381-foot beam in “turbo” mode, and the all-metal housing and IPX8 waterproof rating (submersible up to 2 meters) keep the light on no matter the conditions. Such a bright headlamp is overkill for most uses, but for search and rescue volunteers or activities like night biking, spelunking, or hunting, it’s an important feature. And the good news is that the Fenix HL60R still manages to be a well-rounded headlamp overall, including five brightness levels, a red-light mode, USB-rechargeable battery, and a streamlined build.
The Fenix HL60R is one of the brightest headlamps on our list, but it’s not without competition. The Ledlenser MH11 below has a maximum brightness of 1,000 lumens in “boost” mode with a beam distance of over 1,000 feet, while Petzl’s Duo S (not listed here) jumps to 1,100 max lumens along with a beam distance of 650 feet. Where the Fenix gets the clear edge is value: It offers top-notch, reliable illumination for well under $100 (the Ledlenser and Petzl check in at $180 and a whopping $350 respectively), making it a true standout in terms of bang for your buck. Keep in mind that with all high-powered headlamps, you’ll only want to use the brightest mode when it counts. The Fenix’s 950-lumen mode will drain the battery in less than an hour, and the “high” 400-lumen setting nets you only 3 hours of use.
See the Fenix HL60R Headlamp
Weight: 1.9 oz. (w/strap)
Max lumens: 360
What we like: Superlight yet still quite bright.
What we don’t: Not as much tilt as other headlamps.
For minimalists and true ounce-counters, our favorite ultralight headlamp of 2022 is the Nitecore NU25. At just a hair under 1 ounce for the lamp itself (more on the strap below), the Nitecore is surprisingly bright with a 360-lumen max output and rechargeable via micro USB. We’ve also found it incredibly easy to operate (this is a common complaint among headlamp users), with one button for the white beam and one for red. All told, as a high-powered emergency light or for those who want to carry the least possible weight on their back, the NU25 is a bright and relatively cheap option.
Keep in mind that the Nitecore NU25 has four brightness settings: 360, 190, 38, and 1 lumen, respectively. There’s no dimmer, which is a bummer, but certainly something we can get used to. In terms of the strap, the included Nitecore option adds nearly an ounce to the equation at 1.9 ounces total, which is slightly heavier than the BioLite 200 mentioned above. But the Nitecore is the better performer, running for 5 hours on high (190 lumens) compared to the BioLite’s 3 hours at 200 lumens. And for true minimalists and thru-hikers, Litesmith makes a shoestring-style headband for the NU25 that clocks in at just .18 ounces (you can also DIY with a piece of shockcord), bringing the whole setup to 1.17 ounces total. For another capable UL option, see Petzl's 1.2-ounce Bindi below.
See the Nitecore NU25
Weight: 3 oz.
Max lumens: 250
Batteries: AAA/rechargeable (sold separately)
What we like: Easy to use and a good price.
What we don’t: Average light quality and no red light option.
For camping trips or use around the house, a simple headlamp like the Petzl Tikkina is a fine choice, featuring 250 lumens of maximum output from a single white LED. The center button is easy to find and operate, and the beam is ample for nighttime cooking and setting up tents in the dark. As with the Actik Core above, the Tikkina is compatible with Petzl’s Core rechargeable battery, although in this case it’s an accessory that is purchased separately (for $30). If you anticipate wanting the rechargeable battery, we’d stick with the Actik Core for $20 extra and a lot more lumens. But for the casual user, the $20 Tikkina hits a nice balance of performance, weight, and price.
The Tikkina goes head to head with our top budget pick, the Astro 300 above. Both headlamps are identical in terms of price, have IPX4 ratings, and are designed to run on either AAAs or a rechargeable battery (the lithium-ion batteries from both Petzl and BD will cost you an additional $30). Neither model has a red light—which some might want for nighttime reading—but the Astro does have a lockout mode (helpful for preventing accidental battery drain) and is lighter, less bulky, and 50 lumens brighter. But it’s hard to go wrong with Petzl (we’ve found their headlamps to be very reliable and long-lasting), and the Tikkina is nevertheless a high-quality budget option.
See the Petzl Tikkina Headlamp
Weight: 4 oz.
Max lumens: 500
What we like: About as bombproof as it gets.
What we don’t: Battery drains fairly quickly in turbo mode.
For activities like high-altitude mountaineering, alpine climbing, and backcountry rescue, you’ll need a headlamp built to withstand significant abuse, and Fenix’s HM50R fits the bill nicely. This headlamp is rugged with a full aluminum casing, powerful with a 500-lumen max output and beam distance of around 260 feet, and dust- and waterproof with an IP68 rating, which means it can handle being submerged in up to 2 meters of water for 30 minutes. And the rest of the design is equally well-executed, including a single side switch that makes it easy to toggle between settings (the headlamp has four output levels), a reflective headband, and compatibility with cold-resistant CR123A batteries.
Not everyone needs the specialized features or ultra-tough build, but the good news is that the Fenix is reasonably priced for the amount of output and performance you get. Sure, you could step up to a more serious model like the HL60R above, but that will run you an additional $14 and tack on a bulkier design. Finally, keep in mind that with all high-powered headlamps, you’ll only want to use the brightest mode when it counts. The Fenix’s 500-lumen “turbo” mode will drain the battery in only 2.5 hours, while the lower settings range from 10 hours to almost 4 days respectively (and longer with the aforementioned CR123A batteries).
See the Fenix HM50R
Weight: 4.9 oz.
Max lumens: 500
What we like: Oval beam is great for lighting up the trail and taillight offers visibility.
What we don’t: Heavier and pricier than the BioLite 330.
The Black Diamond Sprinter 500 is purpose-built for nighttime runners, with a nicely balanced build, strong and consistent beam for seeing the trail ahead, and red taillight to increase visibility. The most recent model features 500 lumens of light (almost twice as much as previous versions) and comes with Black Diamond’s Dual-Fuel battery system, which gives you the option of using a USB-rechargeable battery or AAAs (the rechargeable unit is included with purchase). Like Petzl’s Core technology, this is our favorite power system: You get the convenience of a lithium-ion battery along with the versatility of alkalines, great for long runs and hikes when you don’t want to carry the weight of a battery charger.
The Sprinter’s single LED provides a great balance of distance and proximity lighting, but without a dedicated flood mode or red light option, its function is rather limited for use around camp. Further, compared to our top running pick (the BioLite 330), the BD is twice as heavy, $20 pricier, and less packable for space-conscious athletes (the rear battery/light unit is quite bulky). But there’s undeniable value in the strong oval beam for both running and hiking, and the red taillight has benefits in urban environments. Of note: Black Diamond also makes the 2-ounce Sprint 225 for running, which ditches the top strap and rear battery for a less powerful, streamlined, and more affordable ($50) setup.
See the Black Diamond Sprinter 500
Weight: 4.4 oz.
Max lumens: 305
Batteries: AAA (3)
What we like: Amazing beam and easy adjustments.
What we don’t: Short battery life and bulky rear battery pack.
Oregon-based Coast Products flies a little under the radar compared to Black Diamond or Petzl, but they have a strong lineup of quality headlamps. A shining example is their HL7 Focusing: With a retail price of $40 (on sale at the time of publishing for $32), the HL7 packs a healthy 305 lumens and an easy-to-use focusing ring that works just like a high-powered flashlight, twisting to adjust from flood to spot. Its simple functionality is absolutely painless in use (unlike some of the more confusing headlamps above), and there’s no need to cycle through various modes to swap between proximity and distance.
So why the mid-pack finish for the Coast HL7 focusing? Its major shortcomings are battery life and weight. For reference, the Coast will last you 70 hours on its lowest setting (4 lumens) compared to the Black Diamond Spot’s 200-hour life at the same output, which is quite a difference. This isn’t great news for a headlamp with AAA batteries—simply put, you’ll be burning through Energizers faster than you can say “bunny.” Further, we find the bulky battery pack at the rear to be rather outdated. But the Coast HL7 offers a great long-range beam (over 400 feet compared to the Spot’s 328), and there’s no arguing with the price. For budget shoppers who don’t want to sacrifice performance, the HL7 is a bright and easy-to-use light for around $30.
See the Coast HL7 Focusing
Weight: 6.3 oz.
Max lumens: 1,000 (boost); 750 (high)
What we like: The brightest headlamp on our list and Bluetooth-compatible.
What we don’t: The priciest and heaviest option here and overbuilt for most uses.
Germany-based Ledlenser is credited with releasing the first commercially available LED flashlight (the Ledlenser V8), and their ongoing focus on innovation and technology continues to this day. From their current lineup, the MH11 Rechargeable Bluetooth Headlamp stands out as a premium and tech-packed option for serious outdoor adventurers. As its name suggests, the MH11 runs off rechargeable batteries, which helps minimize waste and maximize convenience. But the light’s true calling card is its impressive output, including 1,000 max lumens in “boost” mode and a class-leading max beam distance of 320 meters or around 1,050 feet (for reference, the Fenix HL60R above is the closest alternative with 950 lumens in burst mode and a 380-ft. beam distance). All in all, it’s an exceptionally built and inventive option for activities that warrant the chart-topping specs.
That said, at $178 and 6.3 ounces, the MH11 is the priciest and heaviest option here and overkill for all but the most demanding backcountry pursuits. You do get cool features like Bluetooth connectivity for adjusting settings and timers via your smartphone, as well as a built-in distress signal that emits SOS in Morse code. Another unique addition is Ledlenser’s Optisense technology, which automatically adjusts output depending on your surroundings. The integrated tech does add complexity and requires a bit of a learning curve to maximize performance, but there’s no denying the remarkable specs and craftsmanship, which have a lot of appeal for uses like night hiking, caving, hunting (the blue and green LEDs help), and other low-light scenarios. For another premium but less techy option, Petzl’s Swift RL costs $60 less and shaves off around 3 ounces but falls short in max output (900 lumens) and beam distance (150m/492 ft.).
See the Ledlenser MH11 Rechargeable Headlamp
Weight: 2.8 oz.
Max lumens: 500
What we like: Trail runners will love the strong light, low weight, and versatile battery design.
What we don’t: Expensive; somewhat polarizing headband design.
Petzl has been pushing the boundaries on strap designs for years, and one of their latest creations is the unique Iko Core. This minimalist headlamp splits its weight between a battery pack at the rear and a low-profile lamp on the forehead, connected by a semi-rigid strap that tightens with a simple cinch. The design keeps weight in check, and with an impressive 500 lumens of light, the Iko is a standout for trail running. Additionally, you get Petzl’s Core rechargeable battery pack, which can be subbed out for three AAAs to keep you moving through the night during an adventure race or ultramarathon.
The Iko Core is somewhat pricey at $90, and we’ve had a hard time getting used to its rigid strap system (pairing it with a headband or hat helps). But you’ll be hard-pressed to find such a close-fitting headlamp that offers this much light, which is a winning combination for serious trail and mountain athletes (the 500-lumen Sprinter above is a full 2 oz. heavier). Further, the Petzl’s capability for both flood and mixed lighting is a big upgrade compared to the Sprinter’s single spotlight. But with a polarizing design that’s rather impractical for casual use (not to mention uncomfortable for some), the Iko Core is still a rather niche piece. In most cases, we’d stick with a headlamp like the Sprinter or the even more versatile BioLite above.
See the Petzl Iko Core
Weight: 4.8 oz.
Max lumens: 375
What we like: Purpose-built design for climbing at night.
What we don’t: Heavy and bulky.
If you’ve ever tried to climb at night, you’ll know it’s not easy. The world shrinks down to one square foot in front of you, and finding the way can be a challenge. But a good headlamp can make a night and day difference (no pun intended), and the Black Diamond Onsight 375 is purpose-built for the job. The standout feature here is the two, easy-to-toggle beams: In climbing mode, you get 300 lumens of disbursed light to flood the area in front of you, while route-finder mode offers a 375-lumen long distance beam for scouting the anchors or the route ahead. And operation is refreshingly simple, with one button to turn the lamp on and tap technology on either side to switch between modes.
In addition to the dual-beam design, the rest of the new Onsight 375 is well thought out for climbers’ needs. Like many of Black Diamond’s recent offerings, it comes with a rechargeable battery that can be swapped out for three AAAs, which is a nice option to have when you’re out for numerous days at a time. An IP67 waterproof rating means it’s fully submersible and dust proof (great for durability), and the SOS mode is helpful during an emergency. But at 4.75 ounces the BD is a lot heavier and bulkier than most headlamps here, and despite being climbers ourselves we’re not sure if it’s worth it for the extra features. If you plan to night climb (that was Tommy Caldwell’s strategy on the Dawn Wall, after all), the Onsight 375 is a great niche piece at a reasonable price, but we’ll stick with the lighter options above for emergency use.
See the Black Diamond Onsight 375
Weight: 1.2 oz.
Max lumens: 200
What we like: The lightest and most streamlined headlamp on our list.
What we don’t: Lower light output and a little pricier than the Nitecore NU25 above.
Joining Nitecore’s NU25 above, Petzl’s Bindi is another targeted ultralight option for minimalists and ounce-counters. The Bindi is the lightest design on our list at a scant 1.2 ounces (0.7 oz. less than the Nitecore) with a decidedly sleek and streamlined build to match. The thin, cord-like strap helps keep the overall package impressively compact and boasts reflective threading for increasing visibility at night. And like the Nitecore, the Petzl is very easy to use with a single button to toggle between lighting modes (proximity, movement, and distance), a red light for night vision, and two lock functions to prevent it from turning on when stuffed away in a pack. All told, it’s a highly capable UL pick that doesn’t compromise on features.
Diving deeper into the details, the Petzl Bindi has a maximum output of 200 lumens (compared to 360 for the Nitecore NU25), max beam distance of 36 meters (the Nitecore reaches up to 81m), and lasts up to 50 hours on the lowest setting (the NU65 can last up to 160)—all for $8 more. Given the better output and longer run time, the Nitecore is the better choice for committed hikers that need illumination on the trail, but the Bindi is perfectly serviceable for use around camp while backpacking. For another cord-equipped UL option at a lower price, Black Diamond offers the Flare, which is best for emergency, backup use. It maxes out at 40 lumens, clocks in at 1 ounce flat, and is $15 cheaper at $30. However, in addition to the lower max output, the BD also runs on CR2032 (rather than rechargeable) batteries, which may be a deterrent for some.
See the Petzl Bindi
Weight: 3.5 oz.
Max lumens: 500
What we like: Great battery life and brightness in a relatively light and streamlined build.
What we don’t: Not compatible with AAA; the Spot above is a better all-rounder for most.
Black Diamond’s Storm and Spot (above) dominated the headlamp market for years with well-rounded and reliable designs until recently, the Storm started to feel a little antiquated with its bulky, 4.2-ounce build. But Black Diamond’s recent revamp puts it back on the map for those looking for a boost in brightness over models like the Spot and Actik Core above. With 500 lumens of output that stretches almost 400 feet, you get an impressive amount of light in a small package, along with multiple proximity and distance modes, dimming and strobe functions, and red, green, and blue night-vision. Black Diamond also tacked on a powerful 2400 mAh lithium-ion battery (7 hrs on high and 350 hrs on low) and simplified the Storm’s user interface in the latest update, making it easier than ever to find your desired light.
But aside from the extra 100 lumens, the Storm doesn’t have that much to offer compared to the Spot. Sure, we recommend brighter (or equally bright) lights above, but they all have something else going for them: The Fenix HM50R, for example, is incredibly durable, while the HL60R is both hardwearing and bright (to the tune of 950 lumens). And then there’s the issue of Black Diamond’s R-series headlamps lacking the versatility of Dual Fuel technology (i.e. you can’t use AAA batteries)—so if you like the idea of the Storm, we recommend purchasing the Storm 450 ($55) instead and tacking on the 1500 battery and charger ($30) to your order, although keep in mind that the 450's battery life (with either AAA or lithium-ion) is a lot less impressive than the Storm 500-R here. In the end, for $30 less and almost a full ounce lighter, we think the Spot 400 above is by far the better value for most.
See the Black Diamond Storm 500-R
|Headlamp||Price||Weight||Max Lumens||Batteries||Max Beam||Run Time||IP Rating|
|Petzl Actik Core||$70||2.6 oz.||450||Rechargeable/AAA||90m||2/130 hours||IPX4|
|Black Diamond Spot 400||$45||2.7 oz.||400||AAA/rechargeable||100m||2.5/200 hours||IPX8|
|Black Diamond Astro 300||$20||2.6 oz.||300||AAA/rechargeable||55m||4/140 hours||IPX4|
|BioLite HeadLamp 330||$60||2.4 oz.||330||Rechargeable||75m||3.5/40 hours||IPX4|
|Fenix HL60R||$80||6.1 oz.||950/400||Rechargeable||116m||.8/100 hours||IPX8|
|Nitecore NU25||$37||1.9 oz.||360||Rechargeable||81m||.5/160 hours||IPX66|
|Petzl Tikkina||$20||3 oz.||250||AAA/rechargeable||60m||2/120 hours||IPX4|
|Fenix HM50R||$61||4 oz.||500||Rechargeable||80m||2/128 hours||IP68|
|Black Diamond Sprinter||$80||4.9 oz.||500||Rechargeable/AAA||52m||2/28 hours||IPX4|
|Coast HL7 Focusing||$32||4.4 oz.||305||AAA (3)||127m||1.5/70 hours||IPX4|
|Ledlenser MH11||$178||6.3 oz.||1,000/750||Rechargeable||320m||4/100 hours||IPX4|
|Petzl Iko Core||$90||2.8 oz.||500||Rechargeable/AAA||100m||2.5/100 hours||IPX4|
|Black Diamond Onsight||$60||4.8 oz.||375||Rechargeable/AAA||85m||3/100 hours||IP67|
|Petzl Bindi||$45||1.2 oz.||200||Rechargeable||36m||2/50 hours||IPX4|
|Black Diamond Storm 500-R||$75||3.5 oz.||500||Rechargeable||120m||7/350 hours||IPX7|
- Brightness: How Many Lumens Do You Need?
- LED Types: Spot, Flood, Colored, and Strobe Lights
- Battery Types: AAA, Rechargeable, and Others
- Stated Battery Life
- Straps and Carrying Comfort
- Water Resistance and IP Ratings
- Cold-Weather Performance
- Running Headlamps
When buying a headlamp, one of the first questions you might be asking is, “how bright of a light do I need?” Brightness is measured in terms of lumens, and the lamps here have max outputs ranging from 200 (the Petzl Bindi) to 1,000 (the Ledlenser MH11). Most headlamps also have dimming capabilities or numerous modes that allow you to choose your level of brightness for any given situation—for example, the MH11 has various settings that range from "low" (10 lumens) to boost (1,000 lumens).
When deciding on the proper number of lumens, it's worth considering that you shouldn't plan on using the light's maximum setting for extended stretches as it will drain the battery quickly, but it's sure helpful to have a strong beam just in case. In general, we’ve found that 100-300 lumens are great for around the house and as a backup for hiking, backpacking, and camping. For a navigational aid in complete darkness, you’ll want to jump into the 300-plus-lumen category. And for extremes like spelunking, climbing at night, or when you’ll be traveling at higher speeds (such as a night trail run or mountain bike ride), plan on starting your search at 400 lumens.
It's important to note that lumens do not perfectly represent the brightness and quality of a headlamp. What a lumen actually measures is the amount of visible light that these lamps can generate, which doesn't always translate to distance or how well it will illuminate a trail or campsite (for more on this, see "LED Types" below). The good news is that the picks listed above are quality headlamps with advanced optics (and we call out any exceptions), so lumens remain a helpful indicator of how bright your headlamp will be. Just be sure to also take into consideration beam distance, beam type, and brand reputation as opposed to relying solely on the lumen spec.
The average headlamp features a range of lighting modes, including spot, flood, colored, and strobe lights. The default setting for most lamps is their powerful LED spot beam, which focuses the light at a distance rather than casting it wide around you (the max distance these can reach is listed in the "max beam" section of our comparison table). While not necessary in all circumstances, a long-distance beam can be helpful for looking far down a trail, trying to spot an anchor while rappelling, or even for extreme uses like caving.
Not all headlamps have a flood light option, but it’s a great function to have for proximity lighting. Best for around camp or in a tent, flood lights cast a wide beam and maximize the view right in front of you. Some headlamps will have two LEDs, one for spot lighting and one for flood lighting, while others (like the Coast HL7 Focusing) allow you to shape one single LED into a distance beam or an up-close flood. In their specs, most manufacturers will call out a lamp’s beam distance—for example, the BioLite 330 has an 8-meter flood and a 50-meter spot.
Many mid-range and high-end headlamps also include red (and sometimes blue and green) LEDs. We’ve found these useful for reading or hanging out at night as the soft light doesn’t blind your friends or disturb your tentmates. Another plus is that these lights don’t make your pupils readjust when you turn them on, so they’re great for navigating a dark tent. Those with specific night needs will find that blue and green LEDs have their place (hunters, for example, will use blue for tracking as it allows them to differentiate between green foliage and the red blood of the animal). A number of headlamps also have some sort of emergency strobe function, which simultaneously is very visible and doesn’t eat into your batteries as quickly.
Most standard LED headlamps are powered by AAA batteries or a rechargeable lithium-ion battery, housed in either the main body of the light or at the back of the strap. USB-rechargeable batteries have become more ubiquitous in the past few years and are our preferred style for their convenience and streamlined size. The main downside with rechargeable batteries is that reviving a dead lamp is not as easy as swapping out AAAs, meaning you’ll need to bring along a power bank or solar panel if you’re in the field for days on end. For all rechargeable options, you do pay a little price premium, but keep in mind that the cost and waste of AAA batteries certainly can add up. In the end, we recommend rechargeable headlamps for most people and uses, but if you’re looking to save money, want a cheap backup, or don’t anticipate using your headlamp often, a AAA model can be a fine way to go.
Some headlamps offer the versatility of both a rechargeable battery and compatibility with AAAs. Petzl was the initial brains behind this technology: Their USB-rechargeable Core battery can be purchased separately ($30) and functions with any of their headlamps that also run off three AAA batteries. For the spring of 2022, Black Diamond released a similar design (they call it Duel Fuel technology) with four of their models, including the Storm, Spot, Astro, and Cosmo. These headlamps come with AAA batteries, but are compatible with BD's 1500 lithium-ion battery (purchased separately for $20, or $30 with the charger). Our main gripe with BD's design is that the battery must be charged on the included charging dock, whereas Petzl's Core eliminates the need for extra equipment with a micro-USB port right on the battery. Both are great options for those wanting the benefits of a rechargeable headlamp alongside the versatility of AAAs, but we much prefer Petzl's design.
The majority of weight-conscious headlamps combine the LED and battery pack into one unit on the front of the head, but more powerful lights place their battery packs on the back of the strap. This is a bulky system, but it’s often the best option for distributing the weight. Further, to help carry the load, this style typically features an additional strap running right over the top of the head for support and a secure fit. Finally, some headlamps have a detached battery pack that allows you to carry it close to your body to keep it warm in cold temperatures (for more on this, see “Cold-Weather Performance” below).
While we’re on the subject of batteries, let’s dive into a few thoughts on the stated battery life for these headlamps. We have listed the advertised specs from the manufacturers in our write-up, but to set reasonable expectations for yourself, be aware that the battery life listed for the highest lumen setting does not guarantee you’ll be pumping the maximum lumens for that entire time. Unless the light is regulated (like the Petzl Actik Core or Ledlenser MH11), where you’ll get a near-constant light output before it drops off a cliff when the battery is spent, the numbers can be deceiving. No matter the guise, expect to see your once-impressive light’s max output become a shadow of its former self pretty quickly – often in as little as a couple hours.
Headlamp manufacturers are getting much better at reporting these specs, but it still sometimes takes some digging to get the full answer. Look for charts that list the runtime alongside the lumens level, or, if the light is unregulated, check and see if the manufacturer lists the maximum beam distance throughout the lifespan of the batteries. These will give you a better like-for-like comparison.
So how do you maximize your enjoyment of your still-impressive headlamp, outside of just a revolving door of battery changes? A simple tip to get more out of your battery is to only use the amount of light you actually need. Do you really require 275 lumens burning a hole in the side of your backpack as you search for your puffy jacket? Probably not. Dimming the light whenever possible will significantly extend battery life.
The weight of a headlamp varies from barely noticeable (the 1.2-oz. Petzl Bindi) to downright hefty (the 13.1-oz. Petzl Duo S mentioned in the Fenix HL60R write-up above). Typically, the more powerful the headlamp and the more serious its intent, the heavier the lamp. Lightweight headlamps are made with thin plastic casing and require fewer batteries, while heavier options use aluminum or thick plastic to better handle hard impacts. If you don't need the most extreme lighting options, it's a good idea to purchase a lightweight lamp. They're more comfortable to wear, don't inhibit movement, and are easier to squeeze into a pack.
How the weight is distributed also plays an important role. The Black Diamond Spot 400 and sibling Storm 500-R both carry the batteries at the front, but the 2.7-ounce Spot feels much lighter on the head than the marginally heavier 3.5-ounce Storm. What seems like a minuscule decrease in weight makes a big difference in use: the Spot is comfortable doing just about anything, while the Storm starts to bob up and down if you start running. Putting the battery pack at the back of the strap becomes necessary as the weight continues to climb.
Tied directly to the weight of the headlamp, strap styles range from minimalist to strong and supportive. There are two primary strap designs: a simple elastic nylon that wraps around the sides of your head and a two-piece system that has an additional strap running over the top of your head. The two-strap style is popular for heavier lamps or more serious adventuring when you’ll be wearing a helmet like rock climbing, mountaineering, or caving. Most folks, however, still choose the simple around-the-sides design. They’re usually helmet-compatible, easy to adjust, and plenty supportive for most uses around the house or in the outdoors.
For serious outdoor use and extended exposure to the elements, you will want to consider the weather resistance of your headlamp. Some cheap headlamps offer little to no protection—as soon as the rain starts to pour, you’re best off covering up and heading for your tent. But most mid-range and high-end models bump up the protection. The weather worthiness of electronics is tested using the IP ratings scale: On the low end, IPX0 equates to no protection at all, while IPX8 at the high end means the item can sustain prolonged immersion. Our high-performance pick, the Fenix HL60R, gets an impressive IPX8 rating, which means that it should continue operating even after being underwater for 30 minutes. The majority of the headlamps on this list are certified to at least IPX4, which should be enough to handle most rain and snow. The bottom line is that if you plan on spending time exposed to the elements, check the IP rating of your headlamp before buying (it’s the right column in our handy comparison table above).
Taking care of your electronics in the cold and keeping them operating can be a challenge (we know this well from taking camera batteries into the backcountry). In terms of headlamps, the first consideration is battery type. Traditional alkaline batteries are the worst of the bunch at working in the cold, so it’s best to step up to lithium or rechargeable NiMH batteries for better performance. In addition, exposure to the cold can contribute to draining any type of battery, but there are ways to mitigate. Some headlamps, like the Petzl NAO + (not listed here), are made with a removable battery pack that can be stowed inside a pocket while powering the headlamp. And no matter what model you have, you’ll want to keep your headlamp in a relatively warm place when you’re not using it (we like to pack ours inside of wool socks) and even sleep with it inside your sleeping bag at night.
If you’ve ever run at night, you know that a good running headlamp is worth its weight in gold. The best headlamp for running will have a lightweight and streamlined build for minimal bounce and a well-balanced beam that lights up both your immediate surroundings and the path ahead. Many have features like red taillights for visibility on the road and reflective markings on the band. Ironically, our top pick for night joggers (the BioLite 330) isn’t designed specifically for running, but its sleek strap design is by far our favorite for rigorous movement. The Black Diamond Sprinter, on the other hand, is a running-focused design that offers a top strap for better security (the downside is that it’s a hefty 4.9 oz. and not as comfortable as the BioLite). Keep in mind that by opting for such a running-specific light, you do give up some all-around versatility—the Sprinter’s one LED doesn’t switch between distance and proximity modes, making it less useful for around-camp use or spotting far-off anchors while climbing.
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